The Secret of Synchronization

Veritasium
58 303 visningar 6mn

How does order spontaneously arise out of chaos? This video is sponsored by Kiwico - go to www.kiwico.com/Veritasium50 for 50% off your first month of any crate.
An enormous thanks to Prof. Steven Strogatz - this video would not have been possible without him. Much of the script-writing was inspired and informed by his wonderful book Sync, and his 2004 TED talk. He is a giant in this field, and has literally written the book on chaos, complexity, and synchronization. It was hard to find a paper in this field that Steven (or one of his students) didn't contribute to. His Podcast "The Joy of X" is wonderful - please listen and subscribe wherever you get your podcasts www.quantamagazine.org/tag/the-joy-of-x
Nicky Case's Amazing Firefly Interactive - ncase.me/fireflies
Great Kuramoto Model Interactive - www.complexity-explorables.org/explorables/ride-my-kuramotocycle
References:
Strogatz, S. H. (2012). Sync: How order emerges from chaos in the universe, nature, and daily life. Hachette UK. - ve42.co/Sync
Strogatz, S. H. (2000). From Kuramoto to Crawford: exploring the onset of synchronization in populations of coupled oscillators. Physica D: Nonlinear Phenomena, 143(1-4), 1-20. - ve42.co/Strogatz2000
Goldsztein, G. H., Nadeau, A. N., & Strogatz, S. H. (2021). Synchronization of clocks and metronomes: A perturbation analysis based on multiple timescales. Chaos: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Nonlinear Science, 31(2), 023109. - ve42.co/Goldsztein
The Broughton Suspension Bridge and the Resonance Disaster - ve42.co/Broughton
Bennett, M., Schatz, M. F., Rockwood, H., & Wiesenfeld, K. (2002). Huygens's clocks. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London. Series A: Mathematical, Physical and Engineering Sciences, 458(2019), 563-579. - ve42.co/Bennett2002
Pantaleone, J. (2002). Synchronization of metronomes. American Journal of Physics, 70(10), 992-1000. - ve42.co/Pantaleone2002
Kuramoto, Y. (1975). Self-entrainment of a population of coupled non-linear oscillators. In International symposium on mathematical problems in theoretical physics (pp. 420-422). Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg. -- ve42.co/Kuramoto1975
Great video by Minute Earth about Tidal Locking and the Moon - ve42.co/MinuteEarth
Strogatz, S. H., Abrams, D. M., McRobie, A., Eckhardt, B., & Ott, E. (2005). Crowd synchrony on the Millennium Bridge. Nature, 438(7064), 43-44. - ve42.co/Strogatz2005
Zhabotinsky, A. M. (2007). Belousov-zhabotinsky reaction. Scholarpedia, 2(9), 1435. - ve42.co/Zhabotinsky2007
Flavio H Fenton et al. (2008) Cardiac arrhythmia. Scholarpedia, 3(7):1665. - ve42.co/Cardiac
Cherry, E. M., & Fenton, F. H. (2008). Visualization of spiral and scroll waves in simulated and experimental cardiac tissue. New Journal of Physics, 10(12), 125016. - ve42.co/Cherry2008
Tyson, J. J. (1994). What everyone should know about the Belousov-Zhabotinsky reaction. In Frontiers in mathematical biology (pp. 569-587). Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg. - ve42.co/Tyson1994
Winfree, A. T. (2001). The geometry of biological time (Vol. 12). Springer Science & Business Media. - ve42.co/Winfree2001
Special thanks to Patreon supporters: Mac Malkawi, Oleksii Leonov, Michael Schneider, Jim Osmun, Tyson McDowell, Ludovic Robillard, jim buckmaster, fanime96, Juan Benet, Ruslan Khroma, Robert Blum, Richard Sundvall, Lee Redden, Vincent, Lyvann Ferrusca, Alfred Wallace, Arjun Chakroborty, Joar Wandborg, Clayton Greenwell, Pindex, Michael Krugman, Cy 'kkm' K'Nelson, Sam Lutfi, Ron Neal
Written by Derek Muller and Petr Lebedev
Animation by Fabio Albertelli and Jakub Misiek
GFX and 3D animation by Jonny Hyman
Filmed by Derek Muller and Raquel Nuno
Edited by Derek Muller
Additional video supplied by Getty Images
Thumbnail by Ignat Berbeci
More footage from NASA's Scientific Visualization Studio
100 metronome video from seget.info/show/video/2aja25eYoYLRmJw
Intro animation by Jorge Cham
Thanks for the BZ footage from SteinbockGroup: seget.info/show/video/r33Ql9mpjnfd1Kg and
NileRed seget.info/show/video/sn-V0byql1-Y3I4
Animation of waves in the heart from The Virtual Heart/ EM Cherry/ FH Fenton - ve42.co/Cardiac and ve42.co/Cherry2008
Chemical materials and protocol provided by Mike Morris and the UCI Chemistry Outreach Program www.chem.uci.edu/~jsnowick/outreach/UCI_Outreach/index.html
Thanks to Alie Ward for title/thumbnail consultation
Thanks to Dr Juliette Becker and Dr James O'Donoghue for the planetary science help
Music from Jonny Hyman, Epidemic Sound epidemicsound.com "Seaweed" "Deeper Than The Ocean" "Ripple Effect"
Music also from Artlist artlist.com "Children of Mystery"
Thumbnail by Ignat Berbeci

Kommentarer

  1. Victor van der Drift
    Victor van der Drift
    2 timmar sedan

    "The bridge had undergone a phase transition" ... How do I get excited about this sentence? 😂

  2. Isaac
    Isaac
    4 timmar sedan

    Really Great video. Would you do us a favor and talk about the safety of the radioactive water Japan is planning to dump into the ocean? Really really concerned

  3. Leo van den Brandt
    Leo van den Brandt
    4 timmar sedan

    When you’ve read the HP books and realize just how awesome his YT name is...

  4. Oliver Barber
    Oliver Barber
    4 timmar sedan

    “The whole is more than the sum of the parts” -19:19ish. I like to hear this. I believe we have souls and individuality. There’s a reason consciousness doesn’t make sense when it’s speculated upon from a perspective that omits the existence of God. We are who He made us and I am not you nor you me. I am who He says I am and science can only prove that. What power does the earth have above the Lord. Oh, how great He is that He should make this world and all of existence, which should strive for entropy, synchronize in ways specifically designed to support us. He didn’t make everything then decide to put us in it. He made all of existence just to have us and know us and that we may know Him!

  5. Bird Box
    Bird Box
    4 timmar sedan

    its simple!

  6. Mr. Logician
    Mr. Logician
    4 timmar sedan

    Matter can behave like this, but mind has different mechanisms, it can still swim accross the stream, even when whole world seems to be against one mind, mind can still keep moving in the direction of its will

  7. Nosho
    Nosho
    4 timmar sedan

    Gaining a better understanding of the wide range of effects of feedback loops and emergent behaviour is the next big leap for most sciences.

  8. Berika Beridze
    Berika Beridze
    5 timmar sedan

    Very interesting video, thanks! And what about the synchronization in living organisms? For example, in Humans dance synchronization. Or is there any other exaples? Maybe in Birds on other mammals? Or even unicellular organisms 🤔

  9. Jason Spades
    Jason Spades
    5 timmar sedan

    This happens with my blinker when I'm at a red light.

  10. (¬̃ ‿¬̃)
    (¬̃ ‿¬̃)
    5 timmar sedan

    Full of ads 👎🏻

  11. festus ewere
    festus ewere
    5 timmar sedan

    Nice video

  12. Briz KT
    Briz KT
    5 timmar sedan

    A thought that occurred to me is where, if applicable at all, does the harmonic series (Sigma 1/n to infinity) come in? Nearly all, if not all, naturally occurring synchronizations can be mathematically represented via the harmonic series, from music, rotating bodies, and wave dynamics.

    1. Veritmasium
      Veritmasium
      5 timmar sedan

      Thanks for your comment

  13. Daryl Thomas
    Daryl Thomas
    6 timmar sedan

    So its proven, even God has OCD.

  14. Mullcrum the Sage
    Mullcrum the Sage
    6 timmar sedan

    Well it's simple really..the internal mechanism does it.

  15. Moop win
    Moop win
    6 timmar sedan

    Spiral energy is real gurren laggan did happen

  16. Samyak Kasliwal
    Samyak Kasliwal
    6 timmar sedan

    I wish I could work with a genius like you

  17. S4T1NSDAD
    S4T1NSDAD
    7 timmar sedan

    the pendulum clock thing always happens with a indicator on a car

  18. Aesop De Moor
    Aesop De Moor
    7 timmar sedan

    theory is flawed from the start.

  19. Rwdphotos
    Rwdphotos
    7 timmar sedan

    I was hoping it would go into more specifics how conservation of momentum might play a part.

  20. Aesop De Moor
    Aesop De Moor
    7 timmar sedan

    bla bla bla, big word jargon for pendulum and gyro effects Newtons cradle

  21. Aesop De Moor
    Aesop De Moor
    7 timmar sedan

    speed and rate of people stepping

  22. g
    g
    8 timmar sedan

    Yo awesome video bro my friend Christian loves you so I love you too ❤️

  23. Pedro Hugo
    Pedro Hugo
    8 timmar sedan

    What if you put them perpendicular to eachother? Like, the object itself perpendicular to eachother on top of the platform.

  24. Thomas Jey
    Thomas Jey
    8 timmar sedan

    This video does nothing to explain this phenomenon.

  25. Blue Marbel
    Blue Marbel
    8 timmar sedan

    After quickly reading the channel name, I thought you were Reggie Middleton, the creator of the crypto currency Veritaseum. :-)

  26. Leoster Banzon
    Leoster Banzon
    8 timmar sedan

    Hi, is there a way I can send you an email about something i discovered from your previous video? I can't really stop thinking about it and I hope I can share it with you because I know how good you are at explaining things. It's all about space-time. And I think i have an idea that we never thought before.

  27. Artico
    Artico
    8 timmar sedan

    Perfect!

  28. EnEm Gee
    EnEm Gee
    8 timmar sedan

    When we don’t understand the synchronization, we call it chaos.

  29. bhasky
    bhasky
    9 timmar sedan

    Absolutely cracking video. I always had this question , when I read 2nd law of thermodynamics. Entropy always grows. Then there must be a fight between system getting destroyed over time and system maintaining itself .

  30. Andrew Pascal
    Andrew Pascal
    9 timmar sedan

    Prof. Steven Strogatz was absolutely amazing to listen to! I'm definitely grabbing a copy of his book.

  31. jack mann
    jack mann
    9 timmar sedan

    the most stunning part of this video is the quality can be set to 2160p 😦

    1. jack mann
      jack mann
      8 timmar sedan

      @DustyBc crypto News 😂😂😂 love your vids btw

    2. DustyBc crypto News
      DustyBc crypto News
      9 timmar sedan

      T°h°a°n°k°s_f°o°r_y°o°u°r_C°o°m°m°e°n°t. f°o°r°m°o°r°e_g°u°i°d°a°n°c°e w....h....a....t....s....a....p....p +1..(3-2-1-8-3-7-9-8-5-2)

  32. Dworv
    Dworv
    9 timmar sedan

    2:25 SO SATISFYING OOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOO

  33. Nathaniel Miller
    Nathaniel Miller
    9 timmar sedan

    watching the footage of the people crossing the bridge in these times reminded me how physically close we used to be to other people

    1. DustyBc crypto News
      DustyBc crypto News
      9 timmar sedan

      T°h°a°n°k°s_f°o°r_y°o°u°r_C°o°m°m°e°n°t. f°o°r°m°o°r°e_g°u°i°d°a°n°c°e w....h....a....t....s....a....p....p +1..(3-2-1-8-3-7-9-8-5-2)

  34. Zqud
    Zqud
    9 timmar sedan

    I swear I see this with people's blinkers in turn lanes

    1. DustyBc crypto News
      DustyBc crypto News
      9 timmar sedan

      T°h°a°n°k°s_f°o°r_y°o°u°r_C°o°m°m°e°n°t. f°o°r°m°o°r°e_g°u°i°d°a°n°c°e w....h....a....t....s....a....p....p +1..(3-2-1-8-3-7-9-8-5-2)

  35. kickinvideo333
    kickinvideo333
    9 timmar sedan

    The dude on Zoom lives in an Ames Room😆

  36. JustJo
    JustJo
    10 timmar sedan

    We can't use psychologically/ biologically synchronizations of people and bugs as an analogy to physics.

  37. Ruby Gray
    Ruby Gray
    10 timmar sedan

    Effect spoiled by using fake pendulum clocks

  38. Donaldo Olivier Pineda Ramos
    Donaldo Olivier Pineda Ramos
    10 timmar sedan

    Hi I have a question. Why when we want to spin a can with liquid inside in the air it stops by itself?

  39. Глеб Жеглов
    Глеб Жеглов
    10 timmar sedan

    Привет из России👋

  40. Lorenzo Bianchi
    Lorenzo Bianchi
    10 timmar sedan

    This phenomenon can be used in analog synthesizers, or in digital imitations of the principle, to obtain the syncronized sound of different waveform, which give different results depending on the waveshape, the oscillation period, the phase and other parameters. It's amazing how things apparently so different can follow similar, simple rules.

  41. mik 02910
    mik 02910
    10 timmar sedan

    Another example: In Football stadium, one fan begins a chant, then another joins, then another, then the whole crowd's singing. Same with the Mexican wave.

  42. Steven Koutstaal
    Steven Koutstaal
    10 timmar sedan

    wow. an 'unprompted' experiment

  43. Banana god
    Banana god
    11 timmar sedan

    Thumbs up if you are really skeptical of the year 1656

  44. Dave Cooke
    Dave Cooke
    11 timmar sedan

    I need to poop at the same time every morning, does that count?

    1. DustyBc crypto News
      DustyBc crypto News
      9 timmar sedan

      T°h°a°n°k°s_f°o°r_y°o°u°r_C°o°m°m°e°n°t. f°o°r°m°o°r°e_g°u°i°d°a°n°c°e w....h....a....t....s....a....p....p +1..(3-2-1-8-3-7-9-8-5-2)

  45. Ping Pong
    Ping Pong
    12 timmar sedan

    why is Earth not locked to Sun like moon is locked to Earth?

  46. Donny Sandley
    Donny Sandley
    12 timmar sedan

    Women who are around each other a lot their ministrations fluids will synchronize together 🧐

  47. Luc-Angelo Sean Nepomuceno
    Luc-Angelo Sean Nepomuceno
    12 timmar sedan

    Just amazing... I love this topic

  48. Written Dreams
    Written Dreams
    12 timmar sedan

    Your son!! How cute!!!

  49. Box Fox
    Box Fox
    12 timmar sedan

    Energy creates energy? Objects in motion stays in motion. But law of energy states, it cannot be created or destroyed.

  50. Alexton rahdeeo
    Alexton rahdeeo
    13 timmar sedan

    16:16 funny how that would be obvious to any musician !

  51. Marc David Vardai
    Marc David Vardai
    13 timmar sedan

    I see my city, I upvote.

  52. Alexton rahdeeo
    Alexton rahdeeo
    13 timmar sedan

    10:00 i don’t think this is a sync ... it’s just something that is done after every show to call actors back on the scene .... Literally every I’ve been to or saw

  53. StormontMan
    StormontMan
    13 timmar sedan

    The most annoying thing about you is ... that you were on SEget for 10 years before I discovered you!

  54. Rafael S.
    Rafael S.
    13 timmar sedan

    Best 20 minutes I've watch in a long time.

  55. żonk
    żonk
    13 timmar sedan

    Everything just adjusts to universe's tick speed

  56. Charming nowhere to hide
    Charming nowhere to hide
    14 timmar sedan

    The clip where the audience was clapping and then when they all clapped in sync freaked me out. How beautiful nature is, man

  57. morbikdon
    morbikdon
    14 timmar sedan

    mannnn hell of a video!

  58. Mister Murtad
    Mister Murtad
    14 timmar sedan

    What if you started the metronomes on separate tables. Would they still pick up the syncho from the floor?

  59. LoudSilence
    LoudSilence
    14 timmar sedan

    If all humans sync their steps maybe we can push the Earth out of the Solar system.

    1. Charming nowhere to hide
      Charming nowhere to hide
      14 timmar sedan

      This is a cool science project omg

  60. George Solorio
    George Solorio
    14 timmar sedan

    Add my Snapchat if your down like that!!!@ soloriogeorge82

  61. George Solorio
    George Solorio
    14 timmar sedan

    Add my Snapchat if your down like that!!!@ soloriogeorge82

  62. dezertson2011
    dezertson2011
    15 timmar sedan

    Laan-juh-tood.

  63. Fordman
    Fordman
    15 timmar sedan

    I see those chemical waves when i close my eyes

  64. Fordman
    Fordman
    15 timmar sedan

    I see those chemical waves when i close my eyes

  65. WillBrink
    WillBrink
    16 timmar sedan

    Seeing all those people crossing the bridge in step like that reminds of what lemmings humans are.

  66. Mike theBike
    Mike theBike
    16 timmar sedan

    🏍️ 'One would tick. One would talk.'

  67. Isaque Veríssimo
    Isaque Veríssimo
    16 timmar sedan

    ANOTHER GOOOD VIDEO

  68. L Stiltskin
    L Stiltskin
    16 timmar sedan

    I think I have actually built a perpetual motion machine using pendulum motions and magnets. Well it's been going since the 4 days ago I've built it

  69. L Stiltskin
    L Stiltskin
    16 timmar sedan

    Yippee science stuff xxx

  70. Andrew McGillivray
    Andrew McGillivray
    16 timmar sedan

    would it work with drummer and bassist in my band?

  71. L Stiltskin
    L Stiltskin
    16 timmar sedan

    I did the clock thing with the pendulum myself and have whipless that's in action I just thought I was going nuts and moving things with my mind

  72. Nick Diesal
    Nick Diesal
    16 timmar sedan

    Im high asf this video almost exploded my brain

  73. Don Patterson
    Don Patterson
    17 timmar sedan

    air is the coupling between fireflies. The Vibration of the Coupling is what determines the speed at which actions Synchronize. Increase or decrease the Vibration of the Coupling or Medium and you will see the speed of Synchronization occur faster or slower. You can control this.

  74. richad warren
    richad warren
    17 timmar sedan

    This is a cool science project omg

  75. Jens Ludwigsburg
    Jens Ludwigsburg
    17 timmar sedan

    super interessant! danke

  76. MrGilRoland
    MrGilRoland
    17 timmar sedan

    When I listen to music inside my car, it’s only a matter of time until every pedestrian I look to, moves in sync with the music. Now explain this.

  77. random spacedude
    random spacedude
    17 timmar sedan

    imagine breaking a bridge because your to synchronized

  78. Chadrach William
    Chadrach William
    18 timmar sedan

    The answer to the question not asked is, "Cosmic collective consciousness"

    1. Box Fox
      Box Fox
      13 timmar sedan

      Yelp

  79. N D
    N D
    18 timmar sedan

    00:25 People with anxiety disorder: "AND EVEN WHAT!?"

  80. Inventor
    Inventor
    18 timmar sedan

    regarding the frequency of steps to make a bridge move. it's not only half and double the frequency, it's also the thirds. in other words 2=3 and viceversa, same what happens in triplets in music. 75 b.p.m = 100 bpm (3=2) and also the other fractions same as the nodes for harmonics in guitar string.

  81. Semisi Tuitupou
    Semisi Tuitupou
    18 timmar sedan

    Blinkers synch up for me too

  82. captain2212
    captain2212
    18 timmar sedan

    Is this how grasshoppers turn into locusts ?

  83. Michael D
    Michael D
    18 timmar sedan

    Any suggestions on where to find methods for determining/calculating the resonant frequency of a structure like a bridge? I'm not looking to learn all of civil engineering, but rather a short instructive video?

  84. Steven Verrall
    Steven Verrall
    19 timmar sedan

    This is why the Universe is not governed by the laws of thermodynamics. As such, theories such as the Big Bang, Dark Energy, and Dark Matter are based on a foundation of flawed assumptions. The Universe is actually governed by plasma dynamics. Plasma researchers have long observed self-organizing systems. The Universe may actually have become more ordered with time. There may actually be a natural balance between plasma dynamics and thermodynamics where increasing order in one place is balanced by increasing disorder in another. In this sense, our Universe may be an eternal system. If humanity believes the Universe is an eternal system, we will finally be able to give up our harmful obsession with fatalism.

  85. Richard Levy
    Richard Levy
    19 timmar sedan

    Excellent video. I suspect predicting the behavior of individuals in response to economic factores might take a step forward using the principles illustrated in this video.

  86. Jehu McSpooran
    Jehu McSpooran
    19 timmar sedan

    The funny thing with the clapping is that quite often the entertainer will get the audience to start clapping in time. Once the sync has started, the speed of the claps increases as the fervour grows until spontaneously the sync disappears and random clapping takes over. I've never seen it go from chaotic to synchronous.

  87. DVDwr
    DVDwr
    20 timmar sedan

    Same thing happends when you lay with someone, like cuddling. Your breathing tend to synchronize naturaly

  88. DonBelial
    DonBelial
    20 timmar sedan

    Why does this make me happy?

  89. Mark Pendragon
    Mark Pendragon
    20 timmar sedan

    *Penguingate* - Read all about it, the millennium's greatest scandal in synchronisation.

  90. Trebeh Odaglas
    Trebeh Odaglas
    20 timmar sedan

    This video was so cool!

  91. Marcfx
    Marcfx
    20 timmar sedan

    Murmuration has the same action towards the other birds when flying together, their result is breathtaking...

  92. Nik's Sofa
    Nik's Sofa
    20 timmar sedan

    Trigger warning: Wrong animatied pendulum at 2:20

  93. Yak
    Yak
    20 timmar sedan

    Subtitles are kinda meh.

  94. Paul Gibby
    Paul Gibby
    21 timme sedan

    Love your shows. Also the electro-music you use. Thanks.

  95. C V
    C V
    21 timme sedan

    3:50 simple. its a bug.

  96. Contessa Adella
    Contessa Adella
    21 timme sedan

    I knew our moon was gravitationally locked to match Earth’s rotation....but not how! This vid explained it very well with its bulging moon diagram....Thank you!

  97. Mc Len
    Mc Len
    21 timme sedan

    for humans that think.. it's more of patterns and synchronization.. the moment we hear a patter we immediately pick it up and copy it..

  98. Ceijonius
    Ceijonius
    21 timme sedan

    I didn't even know I was into science like this.😳 You made this topic very interesting to learn about! Thanks for teaching me something new today!🤓👍🏾☺️

  99. SomeOne
    SomeOne
    22 timmar sedan

    Nobody: Scientists: hold my RGB water

  100. Sustainability, Whaaat?!
    Sustainability, Whaaat?!
    22 timmar sedan

    Can this also be said for the Mexican Wave in soccer stadium?